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Anti-Bacterial Agents

Anti-Bacterial Agents, Penicillins


Ampicillin-ratiopharm, Doktacillin®, Austrapen, Binotal, Penbritin, Principen, Viccillin


ampicillin, ampicillin sodium, ampicillin trihydrate

Semi-synthetic derivative of penicillin that functions as an orally active broad-spectrum antibiotic. [PubChem]

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This substance is an antibiotic (also called, anti-bacterial agent). All antibiotics is suspected to cause antibiotic resistance and we should therefore try to limit releasing it to Nature via our wastewater streams.

Some key facts from WHO

  • Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health. food security, and development today
  • Antibiotic resistance can affect anyone, of any age, in any country.
  • Antibiotic resistance occurs naturally, but misuse of antibiotics in humans and animals is accelerating the process.
  • A growing number of infections – such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhoea, and salmonellosis – are becoming harder to treat as the antibiotics used to treat them become less effective.
  • Antibiotic resistance leads to longer hospital stays, higher medical costs and increased mortality.
Is not tested on blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) , thats why environmental risk can not be calculated . When selecting the algal test for antibiotics the European Medicines Agency, EMA recommends test on blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) .



  1. European Medicines Agency, EMA: Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP). Guideline on the Environmental Risk Assessment of Medicinal Products for Human Use. 1 June 2006.